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Terpene und ihre Bedeutung in Cannabispflanzen

Terpen and their meaning in cannabis plants

In connection with cannabis plants and cannabinoids, the term terpenes always occurs. But many are not aware of what exactly it is or how exactly the interaction between cannabinoids and terpenes works. In general, terpenes are different flavors that affect the effect of the cannabinoids contained in cannabis. You can find out exactly how this works, what different terpenes are and how they work here!

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are a large group of organic compounds that occur in a variety of plants, including in many flowers, trees and herbs. They are known for their strong smells and often play an important role in plant metabolism and in defense against pests.

Terpenes are chemical compounds that are made up of isoprene units are building blocks with five carbon atoms. The combination of isoprene units creates different terpen molecules with different structures and properties.

The well -known terpenes include, for example, lime, which occurs in citrus fruits and has a fresh, citrus -like fragrance, as well as Pinene, which occurs in pine and other conifers and has a fresh, resinous smell.

Terpenes in cannabis plants

Terpenes play an important role in cannabis plants and contribute significantly to the aroma, taste and the potential effects of different types of cannabis. These terpenes are aromatic compounds that are produced in the resin glands of the cannabis plant. They interact with the cannabinoids such as THC and CBD as well as with other connections to create the so-called "entourage effect" that influences the overall effect of the plant.

The composition of the terpenes in a certain cannabis variety varies depending on genetics, growth conditions and the time of harvest. This variety of terpenes helps every cannabis variety have its unique sensory and potential therapeutic properties. Some of the most common terpenes occur in cannabis:


Myrcen is one of the most common terpenes in cannabis and has an earthy, fruity aroma. It is believed that it has calming and relaxing properties.


This terpen gives cannabis a citrus -like fragrance and is also found in different citrus fruits. It is believed that it has mood -lifting and stress -reducing properties.


Pinene has a fresh, resinous fragrance that is reminiscent of pine. There are two isomers from Pinene. The α-pin and β-pins. Pines are estimated for its potential anti -inflammatory and bronchodilate properties.


This terps have a floral, lavender -like aroma and is often associated with calming and relaxing properties. It is also found in many essential oils.


The terps of caryophylles is known for its spicy, peppery fragrance. It is also found in spices such as black pepper and cloves. In cannabis plants, it interacts with the endocannabinoid system and is often valued for its anti-inflammatory properties.

Breeding terpenes in cannabis plants properly

The world of terpenes in cannabis plants is rich in diversity and meaning. From the myrcen-emphasized relaxation to the mood-enhancing effect of the lemonens, the wide range of possible spectrum is reflected in the composition of these compounds. The knowledge about the importance of terpenes in cannabis not only contributes to understanding its complex nature, but also opens up new ways for researching and using this fascinating plant in various areas.

If you also want to breed cannabis plants with the right terpenes for your needs, you can find Grow box Everything you need for the rearing of the plants!

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